Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(3), 1010-1025; doi:10.3390/ijerph6031010
Article

Well Water Arsenic Exposure, Arsenic Induced Skin-Lesions and Self-Reported Morbidity in Inner Mongolia

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Received: 19 January 2009; Accepted: 26 February 2009 / Published: 9 March 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health: Feature Papers)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Residents of the Bayingnormen region of Inner Mongolia have been exposed to arsenic-contaminated well water for over 20 years, but relatively few studies have investigated health effects in this region. We surveyed one village to document exposure to arsenic and assess the prevalence of arsenic-associated skin lesions and self-reported morbidity. Five-percent (632) of the 12,334 residents surveyed had skin lesions characteristics of arsenic exposure. Skin lesions were strongly associated with well water arsenic and there was an elevated prevalence among residents with water arsenic exposures as low as 5 μg/L-10 μg/L. The presence of skin lesions was also associated with self-reported cardiovascular disease.
Keywords: Arsenic; drinking water; Inner Mongolia; hyperkeratosis; skin lesions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Xia, Y.; Wade, T.J.; Wu, K.; Li, Y.; Ning, Z.; Le, X.C.; Chen, B.; Feng, Y.; Mumford, J.L.; He, X. Well Water Arsenic Exposure, Arsenic Induced Skin-Lesions and Self-Reported Morbidity in Inner Mongolia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 1010-1025.

AMA Style

Xia Y, Wade TJ, Wu K, Li Y, Ning Z, Le XC, Chen B, Feng Y, Mumford JL, He X. Well Water Arsenic Exposure, Arsenic Induced Skin-Lesions and Self-Reported Morbidity in Inner Mongolia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(3):1010-1025.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xia, Yajuan; Wade, Timothy J.; Wu, Kegong; Li, Yanhong; Ning, Zhixiong; Le, X Chris; Chen, Binfei; Feng, Yong; Mumford, Judy L.; He, Xingzhou. 2009. "Well Water Arsenic Exposure, Arsenic Induced Skin-Lesions and Self-Reported Morbidity in Inner Mongolia." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 3: 1010-1025.

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