Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(12), 3097-3104; doi:10.3390/ijerph6123097
Review

Deadly Partners: Interdependence of Alcohol and Trauma in the Clinical Setting

1 Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 251 East Huron St., Galter 3-150, Chicago, IL 60611-2950, USA 2 Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 N. St. Clair, Suite 650, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 October 2009; Accepted: 2 December 2009 / Published: 4 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Public Health)
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Abstract: Trauma is the leading cause of death for Americans aged 1 to 45. Over a third of all fatal motor vehicle collisions and nearly eighty percent of completed suicides involve alcohol. Alcohol can be both a cause of traumatic injury as well as a confounding factor in the diagnosis and treatment of the injured patient. Fortunately, brief interventions after alcohol-related traumatic events have been shown to decrease both trauma recidivism and long-term alcohol use. This review will address the epidemiology of alcohol-related trauma, the influence of alcohol on mortality and other outcomes, and the role of prevention in alcohol-related trauma, within the confines of the clinical setting.
Keywords: alcohol; trauma; intervention

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hayman, A.V.; Crandall, M.L. Deadly Partners: Interdependence of Alcohol and Trauma in the Clinical Setting. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 3097-3104.

AMA Style

Hayman AV, Crandall ML. Deadly Partners: Interdependence of Alcohol and Trauma in the Clinical Setting. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(12):3097-3104.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hayman, Amanda V.; Crandall, Marie L. 2009. "Deadly Partners: Interdependence of Alcohol and Trauma in the Clinical Setting." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 12: 3097-3104.

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