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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(12), 3097-3104; doi:10.3390/ijerph6123097
Review

Deadly Partners: Interdependence of Alcohol and Trauma in the Clinical Setting

1
 and
2,*
1 Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 251 East Huron St., Galter 3-150, Chicago, IL 60611-2950, USA 2 Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 N. St. Clair, Suite 650, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 October 2009 / Accepted: 2 December 2009 / Published: 4 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Public Health)
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Abstract

Trauma is the leading cause of death for Americans aged 1 to 45. Over a third of all fatal motor vehicle collisions and nearly eighty percent of completed suicides involve alcohol. Alcohol can be both a cause of traumatic injury as well as a confounding factor in the diagnosis and treatment of the injured patient. Fortunately, brief interventions after alcohol-related traumatic events have been shown to decrease both trauma recidivism and long-term alcohol use. This review will address the epidemiology of alcohol-related trauma, the influence of alcohol on mortality and other outcomes, and the role of prevention in alcohol-related trauma, within the confines of the clinical setting.
Keywords: alcohol; trauma; intervention alcohol; trauma; intervention
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Hayman, A.V.; Crandall, M.L. Deadly Partners: Interdependence of Alcohol and Trauma in the Clinical Setting. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 3097-3104.

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