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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(12), 2992-3009; doi:10.3390/ijerph6122992
Review

Dental Caries Risk Studies Revisited: Causal Approaches Needed for Future Inquiries

1,* , 2
 and 3
Received: 30 September 2009; Accepted: 25 November 2009 / Published: 30 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Epidemiology)
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Abstract: Prediction of high-risk individuals and the multi-risk approach are common inquiries in caries risk epidemiology. These studies prepared the ground for future studies; specific hypotheses about causal patterns can now be formulated and tested applying advanced statistical methods designed for causal studies, such as structural equation modeling, path analysis and multilevel modeling. Causal studies should employ measurements, analyses and interpretation of findings, which are in accordance to causal aims. Examples of causal empirical studies from medical and oral research are presented.
Keywords: caries risk; prediction; multi-risk; explanation; causal studies caries risk; prediction; multi-risk; explanation; causal studies
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Aleksejūnienė, J.; Holst, D.; Brukienė, V. Dental Caries Risk Studies Revisited: Causal Approaches Needed for Future Inquiries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2992-3009.

AMA Style

Aleksejūnienė J, Holst D, Brukienė V. Dental Caries Risk Studies Revisited: Causal Approaches Needed for Future Inquiries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(12):2992-3009.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aleksejūnienė, Jolanta; Holst, Dorthe; Brukienė, Vilma. 2009. "Dental Caries Risk Studies Revisited: Causal Approaches Needed for Future Inquiries." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 12: 2992-3009.



Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert