Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(11), 2763-2782; doi:10.3390/ijerph6112763
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Alcoholic Pancreatitis: Pathogenesis, Incidence and Treatment with Special Reference to the Associated Pain

Department of Digestive Diseases and Internal Medicine, Sant‘ Orsola-Malpighi Hospital, Via Massarenti 9, 40138 Bologna, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 17 September 2009; Accepted: 2 November 2009 / Published: 4 November 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol and Public Health)
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Abstract: Alcoholic pancreatitis continues to stir up controversy. One of the most debated points is whether from onset it is a chronic disease or whether it progresses to a chronic form after repeated episodes of acute pancreatitis. Histological studies on patients with alcoholic pancreatitis have shown that the disease is chronic from onset and that alcoholic acute pancreatitis occurs in a pancreas already damaged by chronic lesions. Genetic factors may also play a role in the pathogenesis of alcoholic disease. The incidence of chronic alcoholic pancreatitis seems to have decreased in the last twenty years. Finally, recent therapeutic studies which have shown medical or surgical approaches capable of reducing the pain episodes in chronic pancreatitis patients will be described.
Keywords: alcoholic pancreatitis; pain; gene modification; histology; inflammation; patghogenesis; endoscopy; surgery

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pezzilli, R.; Morselli-Labate, A.M. Alcoholic Pancreatitis: Pathogenesis, Incidence and Treatment with Special Reference to the Associated Pain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 2763-2782.

AMA Style

Pezzilli R, Morselli-Labate AM. Alcoholic Pancreatitis: Pathogenesis, Incidence and Treatment with Special Reference to the Associated Pain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2009; 6(11):2763-2782.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pezzilli, Raffaele; Morselli-Labate, Antonio M. 2009. "Alcoholic Pancreatitis: Pathogenesis, Incidence and Treatment with Special Reference to the Associated Pain." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6, no. 11: 2763-2782.

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