Next Article in Journal
Bacterial Degradation of Aromatic Compounds
Next Article in Special Issue
Bloodborne Viral Hepatitis Infections among Drug Users: The Role of Vaccination
Previous Article in Journal
Tobacco Cessation Quitline Spending in 2005 and 2006: What State-Level Factors Matter?
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6(1), 267-277; doi:10.3390/ijerph6010267

A Multivariate Approach to a Meta-Analytic Review of the Effectiveness of the D.A.R.E. Program

1
Division of Educational Studies and Leadership, University of Cincinnati, P.O. Box 210049, Cincinnati, Ohio 45221, USA
2
Department of Educational Research, Technology, and Leadership, University of Central Florida, P.O. Box 161250, Orlando, Florida 32816, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 December 2008 / Accepted: 8 January 2009 / Published: 13 January 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Drug Abuse and Addiction)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [219 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]   |  

Abstract

The Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.) program is a widespread but controversial school-based drug prevention program in the United States as well as in many other countries. The present multivariate meta-analysis reviewed 20 studies that assessed the effectiveness of the D.A.R.E. program in the United States. The results showed that the effects of the D.A.R.E. program on drug use did not vary across the studies with a less than small overall effect while the effects on psychosocial behavior varied with still a less than small overall effect. In addition, the characteristics of the studies significantly explained the variation of the heterogeneous effects on psychosocial behavior, which provides empirical evidence for improving the school-based drug prevention program.
Keywords: D.A.R.E.; drug use; tobacco; alcohol; meta-analysis; research synthesis D.A.R.E.; drug use; tobacco; alcohol; meta-analysis; research synthesis
Figures

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Pan, W.; Bai, H. A Multivariate Approach to a Meta-Analytic Review of the Effectiveness of the D.A.R.E. Program. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2009, 6, 267-277.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top