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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 97; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010097

Evaluation and Implementation of a Proactive Telephone Smoking Cessation Counseling for Parents: A Study Protocol of an Effectiveness Implementation Hybrid Design

1
Trimbos Institute, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, P.O. Box 725, 3500 AS Utrecht, The Netherlands
2
Department of Psychology, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
3
Department of Research and Development, Pluryn, P.O. Box 53, 6500 AB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
4
ASU REACH Institute, Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 876005, Tempe, AZ 85287-6005, USA
5
Department of Cultural Diversity & Youth, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 December 2017 / Revised: 22 December 2017 / Accepted: 4 January 2018 / Published: 9 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Development and Evaluation of New Tobacco Control Interventions)
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Abstract

Detrimental health consequences of smoking for both parents and children stress the importance for parents to quit. A Dutch efficacy trial supported the efficacy of proactive telephone counseling on parents. Still, how this program would function in “real world” conditions and how parents could be optimally reached is unclear. Therefore, this study will use an innovative method to examine the recruitment success of two implementation approaches (i.e., via a healthcare approach and a mass media approach) to test the (cost)effectiveness of the program. A two-arm randomized controlled trial and an implementation study (i.e., process evaluation) are conducted. Parents (N = 158) will be randomly assigned to the intervention (i.e., telephone counseling) or control conditions (i.e., self-help brochure). Primary outcome measure is 7-day point prevalence abstinence at three months post-intervention. Qualitative and quantitative research methods are used for the process evaluation. We expect that parents in the intervention condition have higher cessation rates than parents in the control condition. We also expect that the recruitment of parents via (youth) health care services is a more promising implementation approach compared to mass media. Results will have implications for the effectiveness of a proactive telephone counseling and provide directions for its successful implementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking cessation; parents; children; telephone counseling; proactive recruitment; implementation channels; effectiveness-implementation hybrid design smoking cessation; parents; children; telephone counseling; proactive recruitment; implementation channels; effectiveness-implementation hybrid design
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Scheffers-van Schayck, T.; Otten, R.; Engels, R.; Kleinjan, M. Evaluation and Implementation of a Proactive Telephone Smoking Cessation Counseling for Parents: A Study Protocol of an Effectiveness Implementation Hybrid Design. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 97.

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