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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15010098

Impact of Age and Hearing Impairment on Work Performance during Long Working Hours

1
Department of Psychology, University of Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria
2
Faculty Industrial Technologies, Campus Tuttlingen, Furtwangen University, 78532 Tuttlingen, Germany
3
Department of Work Organizational and Media Psychology, Johannes Kepler University Linz, 4040 Linz, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 November 2017 / Revised: 19 December 2017 / Accepted: 4 January 2018 / Published: 9 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
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Abstract

Based on demographic prognoses, it must be assumed that a greater number of older workers will be found in the future labor market. How to deal with their possible age-related impairments of sensory functions, like hearing impairment and work performance during extended working time, has not been addressed explicitly until now. The study addresses this interplay. The study was performed on two consecutive days after normal working hours. The 55 participants had to “work” in the study at least three additional hours to simulate a situation of long working hours. The tested measures for (job) performance were: general attention, long-term selective attention, concentration, and reaction time. All of the investigated variables were taken at both days of the study (2 × 2 × 2 repeated measurement design). The results show effects for age, the interaction of hearing impairment and time of measurement, and effects of the measurement time. Older participants reacted slower than younger participants did. Furthermore, younger participants reacted more frequently in a correct way. Hearing impairment seems to have a negative impact especially on measures of false reactions, and therefore especially on measurement time 1. The results can be interpreted in a way that hearing-impaired participants are able to compensate their deficits over time. View Full-Text
Keywords: older employees; reduced hearing capacity; overtime hours; performance older employees; reduced hearing capacity; overtime hours; performance
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Wagner-Hartl, V.; Grossi, N.R.; Kallus, K.W. Impact of Age and Hearing Impairment on Work Performance during Long Working Hours. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 98.

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