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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(1), 68; doi:10.3390/ijerph15010068

Self-Medication Practice and Associated Factors among Residents in Wuhan, China

School of Management, Hubei University of Chinese Medicine, Wuhan 430065, China
Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC 3086, Australia
Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
Department of Public Health, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC 3086, Australia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 October 2017 / Revised: 6 December 2017 / Accepted: 22 December 2017 / Published: 4 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behavior and Public Health)
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Background: This study aims to examine the prevalence and predictors associated with self-medication, and related consequences in Wuhan, China. Methods: Two-hundred-sixty residents were interviewed from randomly selected four districts of Wuhan, China. A modified version of Anderson’s health behavioral model was used in the survey to collect information of self-medication behavior. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to measure correlates of the prevalence of self-medication. Results: Nearly half of the respondents would select self-medication, and 39.1% would see a doctor if they felt sick. The most common self-medicated illnesses were cold and cough, cardiovascular disease and gastrointestinal disease. The main reasons for self-medication were that the illness was not severe (enough) to see the doctor (45%); the patient did not think that the trouble of seeing a doctor was worth the effort (23%); the patient had no time to see the doctor (12%), and the patient did not want to pay high medical costs (15%). Logistic regression results suggested that respondents tended to select self-medication if the illness was minor or short-term (less than seven days). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that more strict regulation on over-the-counter medicines may be required to reduce health risks related to self-medication. Targeted health education on the risks of self-medication should be considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-medication; practice; associated factors; Chinese residents self-medication; practice; associated factors; Chinese residents

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lei, X.; Jiang, H.; Liu, C.; Ferrier, A.; Mugavin, J. Self-Medication Practice and Associated Factors among Residents in Wuhan, China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 68.

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