Next Article in Journal
Occurrence, Distribution, and Risk Assessment of Perfluoroalkyl Acids (PFAAs) in Muscle and Liver of Cattle in Xinjiang, China
Previous Article in Journal
Assessing Knowledge and Attitudes towards Cervical Cancer Screening among Rural Women in Eastern China
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(9), 969; doi:10.3390/ijerph14090969

Determination of Selected Chemical Levels in Room Air and on Surfaces after the Use of Cartridge- and Tank-Based E-Vapor Products or Conventional Cigarettes

1
Center for Research and Technology, Altria Client Services LLC, 601 E. Jackson Street, Richmond, VA 23219, USA
2
Enthalpy Analytical Inc., 800 Capitola Drive, Durham, NC 27713, USA
3
Inflamax Research Inc., 1310 Fewster Drive, Mississauga, ON L4W 1A4, Canada
4
Clinopsis SA, Chemin des Jardins 6, 1426 Concise, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 April 2017 / Revised: 7 August 2017 / Accepted: 16 August 2017 / Published: 28 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1425 KB, uploaded 28 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

There is an ongoing debate regarding the potential of secondhand exposure of non-users to various chemicals from use of e-vapor products (EVPs). Room air levels of 34 chemicals (nicotine, propylene glycol (PG), glycerol, 15 carbonyl chemicals, 12 volatile organic chemicals (VOCs), and four selected trace elements) were measured where EVPs and cigarettes were used by n = 37 healthy adult tobacco users in an exposure chamber. The products used were MarkTen® 2.5% Classic (Group I), a Prototype GreenSmoke® 2.4% (Group II), Ego-T® Tank with subjects’ own e-liquids (Group III) and subjects’ own conventional cigarettes (Group IV). Products were used under controlled conditions and 4-h ad libitum use. Background (without subjects) and baseline levels (with subjects) were measured. Cumulative 4-h. levels of nicotine, PG and glycerol measured were several-fold below the time-weighted average limits used in workplace exposure evaluation. Most the other chemicals (>75%) were at or below the limit of quantification during EVP use. Significant levels of chemicals (17 out of 34) were observed in Group IV. Overall, our results indicate that under the study conditions with the products tested, cumulative room air levels of the selected chemicals measured over 4-h were relatively small and were several-fold below the current occupational regulatory and consensus limits. View Full-Text
Keywords: passive vaping; secondhand smoke; thirdhand exposure; electronic cigarettes; electronic vapor products; conventional cigarettes; room air chemicals; nicotine; propylene glycol; glycerol passive vaping; secondhand smoke; thirdhand exposure; electronic cigarettes; electronic vapor products; conventional cigarettes; room air chemicals; nicotine; propylene glycol; glycerol
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.; Liang, Q.; Oldham, M.J.; Rostami, A.A.; Wagner, K.A.; Gillman, I.G.; Patel, P.; Savioz, R.; Sarkar, M. Determination of Selected Chemical Levels in Room Air and on Surfaces after the Use of Cartridge- and Tank-Based E-Vapor Products or Conventional Cigarettes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 969.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top