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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(9), 1077; doi:10.3390/ijerph14091077

Mother’s IPV, Child Maltreatment Type and the Presence of PTSD in Children and Adolescents

1
Faculty of Psychology, University of Murcia, Murcia 30100, Spain
2
Spanish Association for the Development of Mental Health in Childhood and Youth, “I Want to Grow”, Murcia 30001, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 July 2017 / Revised: 12 September 2017 / Accepted: 13 September 2017 / Published: 17 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Youth Violence as a Public Health Issue)
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Abstract

This correlational cross-sectional study was designed to investigate whether the intimate partner violence (IPV) suffered by mothers (physical and psychological maltreatment), child eyewitness of psychological and physical maltreatment suffered by the mother, the neglect suffered by children, and the maltreatment (physical and psychological) directly suffered by children are statistically associated to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms exhibited by the child. In addition, the prevalence of child PTSD was estimated, as well as the concordance between the PTSD symptoms assessed by the Child PTSD Symptom Scale (CPSS) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV-TR) criteria for child PTSD. The sample consisted of 152 Spanish children aged 8 to 17 and their mothers, who were recruited from Centers of Specialized Assistance for Women Victims of IPV. PTSD prevalence was 20.4%. The results of a canonical correlation analysis showed that the two types of maltreatment with the largest contribution to the canonical variable were physical maltreatment directly suffered by the child, and child eyewitness of physical maltreatment suffered by the mother. The potential developmental pathway of PTSD when both children and mothers suffer severe maltreatment needs to be examined, and this will contribute to the choice of the most effective type of specialized intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: post-traumatic stress disorder; PTSD; child maltreatment; child witnessed maltreatment; mother maltreatment; intimate partner violence; CPSS; childhood trauma; child exposure to violence post-traumatic stress disorder; PTSD; child maltreatment; child witnessed maltreatment; mother maltreatment; intimate partner violence; CPSS; childhood trauma; child exposure to violence
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Castro, M.; Alcántara-López, M.; Martínez, A.; Fernández, V.; Sánchez-Meca, J.; López-Soler, C. Mother’s IPV, Child Maltreatment Type and the Presence of PTSD in Children and Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1077.

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