Evaluation of a Pilot Implementation to Integrate Alcohol-Related Care within Primary Care
AbstractAlcohol use is a major cause of disability and death worldwide. To improve prevention and treatment addressing unhealthy alcohol use, experts recommend that alcohol-related care be integrated into primary care (PC). However, few healthcare systems do so. To address this gap, implementation researchers and clinical leaders at Kaiser Permanente Washington partnered to design a high-quality Program of Sustained Patient-centered Alcohol-related Care (SPARC). Here, we describe the SPARC pilot implementation, evaluate its effectiveness within three large pilot sites, and describe the qualitative findings on barriers and facilitators. Across the three sites (N = 74,225 PC patients), alcohol screening increased from 8.9% of patients pre-implementation to 62% post-implementation (p < 0.0001), with a corresponding increase in assessment for alcohol use disorders (AUD) from 1.2 to 75 patients per 10,000 seen (p < 0.0001). Increases were sustained over a year later, with screening at 84.5% and an assessment rate of 81 patients per 10,000 seen across all sites. In addition, there was a 50% increase in the number of new AUD diagnoses (p = 0.0002), and a non-statistically significant 54% increase in treatment within 14 days of new diagnoses (p = 0.083). The pilot informed an ongoing stepped-wedge trial in the remaining 22 PC sites. View Full-Text
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Bobb, J.F.; Lee, A.K.; Lapham, G.T.; Oliver, M.; Ludman, E.; Achtmeyer, C.; Parrish, R.; Caldeiro, R.M.; Lozano, P.; Richards, J.E.; Bradley, K.A. Evaluation of a Pilot Implementation to Integrate Alcohol-Related Care within Primary Care. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1030.
Bobb JF, Lee AK, Lapham GT, Oliver M, Ludman E, Achtmeyer C, Parrish R, Caldeiro RM, Lozano P, Richards JE, Bradley KA. Evaluation of a Pilot Implementation to Integrate Alcohol-Related Care within Primary Care. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(9):1030.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bobb, Jennifer F.; Lee, Amy K.; Lapham, Gwen T.; Oliver, Malia; Ludman, Evette; Achtmeyer, Carol; Parrish, Rebecca; Caldeiro, Ryan M.; Lozano, Paula; Richards, Julie E.; Bradley, Katharine A. 2017. "Evaluation of a Pilot Implementation to Integrate Alcohol-Related Care within Primary Care." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 9: 1030.
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