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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(7), 829; doi:10.3390/ijerph14070829

Experimental Study on the Health Benefits of Garden Landscape

Department of Landscape Architecture, Hankyong National University, 327 Chungang-ro, Anseong-si, Gyeonggi-do 17579, Korea
Academic Editors: William C. Sullivan and Chun-Yen Chang
Received: 23 June 2017 / Revised: 17 July 2017 / Accepted: 21 July 2017 / Published: 24 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Landscapes and Human Health)
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Abstract

To mitigate the negative effects of modern cities on health, scientists are focusing on the diverse benefits of natural environments; a conceptual approach to use gardens for promoting human health is being attempted. In this study, the effects of the visual landscape of a traditional garden on psychological and physiological activities were investigated. Eighteen male and female adults participated in this indoor experiment (mean age, 26.7 years). Twelve different landscape images for city and garden were presented continuously for 90 s. In the time series changes of oxygenated hemoglobin (O2Hb), different patterns of changes were observed between the city and garden. The mean O2Hb values increased for the city landscapes, whereas they decreased for the garden landscapes both in the left and right prefrontal cortices. Significant differences in the negative psychological states of tension, fatigue, confusion, and anxiety were observed between the city and garden landscapes. Important differences in the physiological and psychological responses to the two different landscapes were also detected between male and female participants, providing valuable clues to individual differences in the health benefits of natural landscapes. To validate the use of gardens as a resource for promoting health in urban dwellers, further scientific evidence, active communication, and collaboration among experts in the relevant field are necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: traditional garden; brain activity; autonomic nervous activity; winter landscape; individual difference traditional garden; brain activity; autonomic nervous activity; winter landscape; individual difference
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Lee, J. Experimental Study on the Health Benefits of Garden Landscape. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 829.

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