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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(7), 726; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14070726

A Spatial Data Infrastructure for Environmental Noise Data in Europe

1
ECOAQUA University Institute, Scientific and Technological Marine Park, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35001 Las Palmas, Spain
2
Directorate General “Joint Research Centre”, European Commission, 21027 Ispra, Italy
3
Directorate General “Environment”, European Commission, 1049 Brussels, Belgium
The views expressed are purely those of the authors and may not in any circumstances be regarded as stating an official position of the European Commission.
All authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 May 2017 / Revised: 30 June 2017 / Accepted: 1 July 2017 / Published: 6 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spatial Modelling for Public Health Research)
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Abstract

Access to high quality data is essential in order to better understand the environmental and health impact of noise in an increasingly urbanised world. This paper analyses how recent developments of spatial data infrastructures in Europe can significantly improve the utilization of data and streamline reporting on a pan-European scale. The Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community (INSPIRE), and Environmental Noise Directive (END) described in this manuscript provide principles for data management that, once applied, would lead to a better understanding of the state of environmental noise. Furthermore, shared, harmonised and easily discoverable environmental spatial data, required by the INSPIRE, would also support the data collection needed for the assessment and development of strategic noise maps. Action plans designed by the EU Member States to reduce noise and mitigate related effects can be shared to the public through already established nodes of the European spatial data infrastructure. Finally, data flows regarding reporting on the state of environment and END implementation to the European level can benefit by applying a decentralised e-reporting service oriented infrastructure. This would allow reported data to be maintained, frequently updated and enable pooling of information from/to other relevant and interrelated domains such as air quality, transportation, human health, population, marine environment or biodiversity. We describe those processes and provide a use case in which noise data from two neighbouring European countries are mapped to common data specifications, defined by INSPIRE, thus ensuring interoperability and harmonisation. View Full-Text
Keywords: noise data; Environmental Noise Directive; INSPIRE; spatial data infrastructure; e-reporting noise data; Environmental Noise Directive; INSPIRE; spatial data infrastructure; e-reporting
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Abramic, A.; Kotsev, A.; Cetl, V.; Kephalopoulos, S.; Paviotti, M. A Spatial Data Infrastructure for Environmental Noise Data in Europe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 726.

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