Next Article in Journal
A Spatial Data Infrastructure for Environmental Noise Data in Europe
Next Article in Special Issue
Early Marriage and Barriers to Contraception among Syrian Refugee Women in Lebanon: A Qualitative Study
Previous Article in Journal
The Relationship of TPOAb and TGAb with Risk of Thyroid Nodules: A Large Epidemiological Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effects of the Refugee Crisis on Age Estimation Analysis over the Past 10 Years: A 16-Country Survey
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(7), 720; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph14070720

Factors Influencing the Accuracy of Infectious Disease Reporting in Migrants: A Scoping Review

1
Interinstitutional Epidemiology Unit, AUSL Reggio Emilia, 42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
2
Arcispedale Santa Maria Nuova-IRCCS, 42123 Reggio Emilia, Italy
3
National Centre for Epidemiology, Surveillance and Health Promotion, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, 00161 Rome, Italy
4
Research and Innovation Unit, AUSL Reggio Emilia, 42122 Reggio Emilia, Italy
5
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), 17183 Stockholm, Sweden
6
IS Global, Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB), Hospital Clínic, 08036 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jimmy T. Efird and Pollie Bith-Melander
Received: 16 May 2017 / Revised: 22 June 2017 / Accepted: 30 June 2017 / Published: 5 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Refugee Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [533 KB, uploaded 7 July 2017]   |  

Abstract

We conducted a scoping review of literature to improve our understanding of the accuracy of infectious disease monitoring in migrants in the Europe. We searched PubMed for papers relevant to the topic including: case reports, observational and experimental studies, reviews, guidelines or policy documents; published after 1994. We identified 532 papers, 27 of which were included in the review. Legislation and right to access health care influence both the accuracy of rates and risk measures under estimating the at risk population, i.e., the denominator. Furthermore, the number of reported cases, i.e., the numerator, may also include cases not accounted for in the denominator. Both biases lead to an overestimated disease occurrence. Restriction to healthcare access and low responsiveness may cause under-detection of cases, however a quantification of this phenomenon has not been produced. On the contrary, screening for asymptomatic diseases increases ascertainment leading to increased detection of cases. Incompleteness of denominator data underestimates the at-risk population. In conclusion, most studies show a lower probability of under-reporting infectious diseases in migrants compared with native populations. View Full-Text
Keywords: migrant health; infectious diseases; surveillance; under-reporting migrant health; infectious diseases; surveillance; under-reporting
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Giorgi Rossi, P.; Riccardo, F.; Pezzarossi, A.; Ballotari, P.; Dente, M.G.; Napoli, C.; Chiarenza, A.; Velasco Munoz, C.; Noori, T.; Declich, S. Factors Influencing the Accuracy of Infectious Disease Reporting in Migrants: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 720.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top