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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(6), 557; doi:10.3390/ijerph14060557

The Influence of Neighbourhoods and the Social Environment on Sedentary Behaviour in Older Adults in Three Prospective Cohorts

1
MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G2 3QB, UK
2
Department of Psychology Centre for Cognitive Ageing & Cognitive Epidemiology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH8 9JZ, UK
3
MRC Lifecourse Epidemiology Unit, University of Southampton, Southampton S016 6YD, UK
4
Institute for Applied Health Research, School of Health and Life Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow G4 0BA, UK
5
Department of Movement and Sports Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Ghent University, Ghent 9000, Belgium
6
School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia, Perth 6009, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marcia G. Ory and Matthew Lee Smith
Received: 30 March 2017 / Revised: 9 May 2017 / Accepted: 18 May 2017 / Published: 24 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aging and Health Promotion)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [326 KB, uploaded 24 May 2017]

Abstract

Sedentary behaviour is an emerging risk factor for poor health. This study aimed to identify ecological determinants of sedentary behaviour, for which evidence is currently scarce. The study participants were community dwelling adults from, respectively, the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (n = 271, mean age 79) and the 1930s (n = 119, mean age 83) and 1950s (n = 310, mean age 64) cohorts of the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. The outcome measure, percentage of waking time spent sedentary (sedentary time), was measured using an activPAL activity monitor worn continuously for seven days. Potential determinants included objective and subjective neighbourhood measures such as natural space, crime, social cohesion and fear of crime. Other determinants included measures of social participation such as social support, social group membership and providing care. Results from multivariable regression analyses indicated that providing care was associated with reduced sedentary time in retired participants in all cohorts. Fear of crime and perceived absence of services were associated with increased sedentary time for retired 1950s cohort members. Higher crime rates were associated with increased sedentary time in all cohorts but this was not significant after adjustment for socio-demographic characteristics. Most other neighbourhood and social participation measures showed no association with sedentary time. View Full-Text
Keywords: sedentary behaviour; social environment; physical environment; ageing; health; neighbourhood; social capital; social support sedentary behaviour; social environment; physical environment; ageing; health; neighbourhood; social capital; social support
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shaw, R.J.; Čukić, I.; Deary, I.J.; Gale, C.R.; Chastin, S.F.M.; Dall, P.M.; Dontje, M.L.; Skelton, D.A.; Macdonald, L.; Der, G. The Influence of Neighbourhoods and the Social Environment on Sedentary Behaviour in Older Adults in Three Prospective Cohorts. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 557.

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