Smoke-Free Laws and Hazardous Drinking: A Cross-Sectional Study among U.S. Adults
AbstractTobacco and alcohol use are strongly associated. This cross-sectional study examined the relationship of smoke-free law coverage and smoke-free bar law coverage with hazardous drinking behaviors among a representative sample of U.S. adult drinkers (n = 17,057). We merged 2009 National Health Interview Survey data, American Nonsmokers’ Rights Foundation U.S. Tobacco Control Laws Database, and Census Population Estimates. Hazardous drinking outcomes included heavy drinking (>14 drinks/week for men; >7 drinks/week for women) and binge drinking (≥5 drinks on one or more days during past year). Chi-square tests compared hazardous drinking by sociodemographic factors. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine if smoke-free law and bar law coverages were associated with hazardous drinking, controlling for sociodemographics and smoking status. Subset analyses were conducted among drinkers who also smoked (n = 4074) to assess the association between law coverages and hazardous drinking. Among all drinkers, smoke-free law coverage was not associated with heavy drinking (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 1.22, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.99–1.50) or binge drinking (AOR = 1.09, 95% CI = 0.93–1.26). Smoke-free bar law coverage was also found to be unrelated to hazardous drinking. Similar results were found among those drinkers who smoked. Findings suggest that smoke-free laws and bar laws are not associated with elevated risk for alcohol-related health issues. View Full-Text
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Jiang, N.; Gonzalez, M.; Ling, P.M.; Young-Wolff, K.C.; Glantz, S.A. Smoke-Free Laws and Hazardous Drinking: A Cross-Sectional Study among U.S. Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 412.
Jiang N, Gonzalez M, Ling PM, Young-Wolff KC, Glantz SA. Smoke-Free Laws and Hazardous Drinking: A Cross-Sectional Study among U.S. Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(4):412.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jiang, Nan; Gonzalez, Mariaelena; Ling, Pamela M.; Young-Wolff, Kelly C.; Glantz, Stanton A. 2017. "Smoke-Free Laws and Hazardous Drinking: A Cross-Sectional Study among U.S. Adults." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 4: 412.
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