Congenital Anomalies in Contaminated Sites: A Multisite Study in Italy
AbstractThe health impact on populations residing in industrially contaminated sites (CSs) is recognized as a public health concern especially in relation to more vulnerable population subgroups. The aim of this study was to estimate the risk of congenital anomalies (CAs) in Italian CSs. Thirteen CSs covered by regional CA registries were investigated in an ecological study. The observed/expected ratios (O/E) with 90% confidence intervals (CI) for the total and specific subgroups of CAs were calculated using the regional areas as references. For the CSs with waste landfills, petrochemicals, and refineries, pooled estimates were calculated. The total number of observed cases of CAs was 7085 out of 288,184 births (prevalence 245.8 per 10,000). For some CSs, excesses for several CA subgroups were observed, in particular for genital and heart defects. The excess of genital CAs observed in Gela (O/E 2.36; 90% CI 1.73–3.15) is consistent with findings from other studies. For CSs including petrochemical and landfills, the pooled risk estimates were 1.10 (90% CI 1.01–1.19) and 1.07 (90% CI 1.02–1.13), respectively. The results are useful in identifying priority areas for analytical investigations and in supporting the promotion of policies for the primary prevention of CAs. The use of short-latency effect indicators is recommended for the health surveillance of the populations residing in CSs. View Full-Text
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Santoro, M.; Minichilli, F.; Pierini, A.; Astolfi, G.; Bisceglia, L.; Carbone, P.; Conti, S.; Dardanoni, G.; Iavarone, I.; Ricci, P.; Scarano, G.; Bianchi, F.; Group, R.W. Congenital Anomalies in Contaminated Sites: A Multisite Study in Italy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 292.
Santoro M, Minichilli F, Pierini A, Astolfi G, Bisceglia L, Carbone P, Conti S, Dardanoni G, Iavarone I, Ricci P, Scarano G, Bianchi F, Group RW. Congenital Anomalies in Contaminated Sites: A Multisite Study in Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2017; 14(3):292.Chicago/Turabian Style
Santoro, Michele; Minichilli, Fabrizio; Pierini, Anna; Astolfi, Gianni; Bisceglia, Lucia; Carbone, Pietro; Conti, Susanna; Dardanoni, Gabriella; Iavarone, Ivano; Ricci, Paolo; Scarano, Gioacchino; Bianchi, Fabrizio; Group, RiscRipro_Sentieri W. 2017. "Congenital Anomalies in Contaminated Sites: A Multisite Study in Italy." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 14, no. 3: 292.
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