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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(9), 840; doi:10.3390/ijerph13090840

Evaluating Mobile Survey Tools (MSTs) for Field-Level Monitoring and Data Collection: Development of a Novel Evaluation Framework, and Application to MSTs for Rural Water and Sanitation Monitoring

1
The Water Institute at UNC, Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
2
DAI, 7600 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
3
Public Health Leadership Program, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Bath
Received: 24 May 2016 / Revised: 11 August 2016 / Accepted: 15 August 2016 / Published: 23 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Informatics and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [311 KB, uploaded 23 August 2016]

Abstract

Information and communications technologies (ICTs) such as mobile survey tools (MSTs) can facilitate field-level data collection to drive improvements in national and international development programs. MSTs allow users to gather and transmit field data in real time, standardize data storage and management, automate routine analyses, and visualize data. Dozens of diverse MST options are available, and users may struggle to select suitable options. We developed a systematic MST Evaluation Framework (EF), based on International Organization for Standardization/International Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) software quality modeling standards, to objectively assess MSTs and assist program implementers in identifying suitable MST options. The EF is applicable to MSTs for a broad variety of applications. We also conducted an MST user survey to elucidate needs and priorities of current MST users. Finally, the EF was used to assess seven MSTs currently used for water and sanitation monitoring, as a validation exercise. The results suggest that the EF is a promising method for evaluating MSTs. View Full-Text
Keywords: water; survey; mobile; data; ICT; evaluation; information; communications; technology; software water; survey; mobile; data; ICT; evaluation; information; communications; technology; software
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fisher, M.B.; Mann, B.H.; Cronk, R.D.; Shields, K.F.; Klug, T.L.; Ramaswamy, R. Evaluating Mobile Survey Tools (MSTs) for Field-Level Monitoring and Data Collection: Development of a Novel Evaluation Framework, and Application to MSTs for Rural Water and Sanitation Monitoring. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 840.

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