Psychosocial Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in a Japanese Population
AbstractThere is limited evidence in Japan regarding the psychosocial determinants of fruit/vegetable intake. We performed a cross-sectional study of people aged 18 years or older in four regions of Japan; 2308 (men: 1012, women: 1296) individuals who completed the questionnaires were included. We found that 24.8% of people were aware of the current recommendations for vegetables and 13.2% for fruit and that “ability to design meals” and “availability when eating outside of the home” were the most important factors related to self-efficacy and barriers to fruit and vegetable intake, respectively. People with high self-efficacy (OR: 3.16; 95% CI: 2.17, 4.60 for fruit; OR: 4.52; 95% CI: 3.08, 6.64 for vegetables) were more likely to consume more fruit and vegetables. People with high scores on attitude (OR: 1.54; 95% CI: 1.06, 2.24) and social support (OR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.11, 2.27) were more likely to consume more fruit. People with high perceived barriers (OR: 0.69; 95% CI: 0.48, 0.98) were less likely to consume fruit. This study suggests a need to increase the general population’s awareness of the fruit and vegetable intake recommendations; facilitating positive attitudes, self-efficacy, and social support for individuals and strengthening the ability of individuals to design meals with more vegetables and fruit might be useful intervention programs. View Full-Text
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Wang, D.-H.; Kogashiwa, M.; Mori, N.; Yamashita, S.; Fujii, W.; Ueda, N.; Homma, H.; Suzuki, H.; Masuoka, N. Psychosocial Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in a Japanese Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 786.
Wang D-H, Kogashiwa M, Mori N, Yamashita S, Fujii W, Ueda N, Homma H, Suzuki H, Masuoka N. Psychosocial Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in a Japanese Population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2016; 13(8):786.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wang, Da-Hong; Kogashiwa, Michiko; Mori, Naoko; Yamashita, Shikibu; Fujii, Wakako; Ueda, Nobuo; Homma, Hiroto; Suzuki, Hisao; Masuoka, Noriyoshi. 2016. "Psychosocial Determinants of Fruit and Vegetable Consumption in a Japanese Population." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 13, no. 8: 786.
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