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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(7), 719; doi:10.3390/ijerph13070719

The Role of Stress Management in the Relationship between Purpose in Life and Self-Rated Health in Teachers: A Mediation Analysis

1
School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, Guangdong, China
2
Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (Guangzhou Huiai Hospital), Guangzhou 510170, Guangdong, China
3
School of Chinese Medicine, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong 999077, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 2 June 2016 / Revised: 29 June 2016 / Accepted: 12 July 2016 / Published: 16 July 2016
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Abstract

Background: To examine whether stress management mediates the relationship between purpose in life and self-rated health status (SRH). Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 6840 teachers in 2013 in Guangzhou, China. Purpose in life was assessed through the Purpose in Life Subscale of the Psychological Well-being Scale. Stress management was assessed using the eight-item questionnaire adapted from the Health-promoting Lifestyle Profile II. SRH was assessed by the Suboptimal Health Measurement Scale Version 1.0. The mediation hypothesis was tested by the structural equation model for path analysis. Results: It was found that purpose in life had direct and indirect effects on SRH. The path analysis showed the total effect (β = 0.563) of purpose in life on SRH was comprised of a direct effect (β = 0.319) and an indirect effect (β = 0.244), which was mediated by stress management. Conclusions: By supporting the mediation hypothesis, our results indicate that stress management mediated the effect of purpose in life on SRH. Enhancement of teachers’ purpose in life and improvement of training skills of stress management should be incorporated in the strategy of improving teachers’ health. View Full-Text
Keywords: purpose in life; stress management; self-rated health purpose in life; stress management; self-rated health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Li, F.; Chen, J.; Yu, L.; Jing, Y.; Jiang, P.; Fu, X.; Wu, S.; Sun, X.; Luo, R.; Kwan, H.; Zhao, X.; Liu, Y. The Role of Stress Management in the Relationship between Purpose in Life and Self-Rated Health in Teachers: A Mediation Analysis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 719.

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