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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(7), 696; doi:10.3390/ijerph13070696

Knowledge, Attitude, and Behaviors Related to Eating Out among University Students in China

School of Public Health & Management, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
Research Center for Medicine and Social Development, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
The Innovation Center for Social Risk Governance in Health, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China
Behavioral & Environmental Health, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS 39213, USA
Discipline of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide 5005, Australia
Laboratory of Lipid & Glucose Metabolism, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 40016, China
Global Health Program, Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan 215347, China
Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC 27710, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Peter Clifton and Rachel Huxley
Received: 26 February 2016 / Revised: 20 June 2016 / Accepted: 7 July 2016 / Published: 12 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [438 KB, uploaded 12 July 2016]   |  


In many countries the frequency of eating out has steadily increased over the last few decades, and this behavioris often associated with unhealthy dietary patterns. This study aimed to describe the levels of knowledge, attitude, and behaviors (KAB) related to eating out among university students. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the college town in Chongqing, China with a total of 1634 participants. The mean eating out related KAB scores were: knowledge 11.5 ± 2.9, attitude 17.0 ± 2.8, and behaviors 24.2 ± 4.8 (possible total scores: 20, 24, 40 respectively). As the level of knowledge increased, the percentage of highly satisfactory attitude and behaviors increased. Only 10% of the participants did not eat out for lunch and dinner during weekends in the last month. Gender, ethnicity, mother’s education, monthly boarding expenses, living place during the study, and the frequency of eating out for breakfast were statistically associated with the scores of KAB. In conclusion, Chinese junior students had poor knowledge of and behaviors towards eating out and ate out frequently. Educational interventionsto improve knowledge related eating out are needed in order to promote healthy eating out behaviors among Chinese university students. View Full-Text
Keywords: eating out; knowledge; attitude; behaviors; university students eating out; knowledge; attitude; behaviors; university students

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Hu, P.; Huang, W.; Bai, R.; Zhang, F.; Sharma, M.; Shi, Z.; Xiao, X.; Abdullah, A.S.; Zhao, Y. Knowledge, Attitude, and Behaviors Related to Eating Out among University Students in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 696.

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