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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(7), 693; doi:10.3390/ijerph13070693

A Community-Based Study of Quality of Life and Depression among Older Adults

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, Chang Zhi Medical College, Changzhi 046000, China
2
Department of Health Statistics, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi’an 710032, China
3
Institute for Cardiovascular Disease, Chang Zhi Medical College, Changzhi 046000, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 6 May 2016 / Revised: 30 June 2016 / Accepted: 4 July 2016 / Published: 9 July 2016
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Abstract

The goal of the study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) and depression and provide further insights into the relationship between QOL and depression among community-dwelling elderly Chinese people. Baseline data were collected from 1168 older adults (aged ≥ 60) in a large, prospective cohort study on measurement and evaluation of health-promoting and health-protecting behaviors intervention on chronic disease in different community-dwelling age groups. QOL was assessed using the 26-item, World Health Organization Quality of Life, brief version (WHOQOL-BREF) and depression was assessed using the 30-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). The mean WHOQOL-BREF score for all dimensions was approximately 60, with the highest mean value (61.92) observed for social relationships, followed by environment, physical health, and psychological health domains. In this cohort, 26.1% of elderly urban adults met GDS criteria for depression. There were negative correlations between physical health (Odds Ratio (OR) = 0.928, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.910–0.946), psychological health (OR = 0.906, 95% CI: 0.879–0.934), environment (OR = 0.966, 95% CI: 0.944–0.989) and depression among elderly people. Those with depression were older, less educated, had a lower monthly income, and were more likely to report insomnia. All WHOQOL-BREF domains, with the exception of the social domain were negatively correlated with depression. View Full-Text
Keywords: quality of life; depression; elderly Chinese; WHOQOL-BREF; Geriatric Depression Scale quality of life; depression; elderly Chinese; WHOQOL-BREF; Geriatric Depression Scale
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cao, W.; Guo, C.; Ping, W.; Tan, Z.; Guo, Y.; Zheng, J. A Community-Based Study of Quality of Life and Depression among Older Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 693.

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