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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(3), 263; doi:10.3390/ijerph13030263

Automated Collection of Real-Time Alerts of Citizens as a Useful Tool to Continuously Monitor Malodorous Emissions

1
Apulia Regional Agency for Environmental Prevention and Protection, Corso Trieste 27, 70126 Bari, Italy
2
Department of Biology, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: P. Grady Dixon and Scott C. Sheridan
Received: 27 October 2015 / Revised: 25 January 2016 / Accepted: 22 February 2016 / Published: 26 February 2016
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Abstract

The evaluation of odor emissions and dispersion is a very arduous topic to face; the real-time monitoring of odor emissions, the identification of chemical components and, with proper certainty, the source of annoyance represent a challenge for stakeholders such as local authorities. The complaints of people, often not systematic and variously distributed, in general do not allow us to quantify the perceived annoyance. Experimental research has been performed to detect and evaluate olfactory annoyance, based on field testing of an innovative monitoring methodology grounded in automatic recording of citizen alerts. It has been applied in Taranto, in the south of Italy where a relevant industrial area is located, by using Odortel® for automated collection of citizen alerts. To evaluate its reliability, the collection system has been integrated with automated samplers, able to sample odorous air in real time, according to the citizen alerts of annoyance and, moreover, with meteorological data (especially the wind direction) and trends in odor marker compounds, recorded by air quality monitoring stations. The results have allowed us, for the first time, to manage annoyance complaints, test their reliability, and obtain information about the distribution and entity of the odor phenomena, such that we were able to identify, with supporting evidence, the source as an oil refinery plant. View Full-Text
Keywords: noses of citizens; dynamic olfactometry; odor annoyance; real-time sampling; remote monitoring system noses of citizens; dynamic olfactometry; odor annoyance; real-time sampling; remote monitoring system
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Brattoli, M.; Mazzone, A.; Giua, R.; Assennato, G.; de Gennaro, G. Automated Collection of Real-Time Alerts of Citizens as a Useful Tool to Continuously Monitor Malodorous Emissions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 263.

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