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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1260; doi:10.3390/ijerph13121260

Wargame Simulation Theory and Evaluation Method for Emergency Evacuation of Residents from Urban Waterlogging Disaster Area

1
School of Tourism and Geography Sciences, Jilin Normal University, Siping 136000, China
2
School of Environment, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130117, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jason K. Levy
Received: 28 November 2016 / Revised: 28 November 2016 / Accepted: 1 December 2016 / Published: 21 December 2016
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Abstract

Urban waterlogging seriously threatens the safety of urban residents and properties. Wargame simulation research on resident emergency evacuation from waterlogged areas can determine the effectiveness of emergency response plans for high risk events at low cost. Based on wargame theory and emergency evacuation plans, we used a wargame exercise method, incorporating qualitative and quantitative aspects, to build an urban waterlogging disaster emergency shelter using a wargame exercise and evaluation model. The simulation was empirically tested in Daoli District of Harbin. The results showed that the wargame simulation scored 96.40 points, evaluated as good. From the simulation results, wargame simulation of urban waterlogging emergency procedures for disaster response can improve the flexibility and capacity for command, management and decision-making in emergency management departments. View Full-Text
Keywords: waterlogging disaster; emergency evacuation; wargame waterlogging disaster; emergency evacuation; wargame
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, P.; Zhang, J.; Sun, Y.; Liu, X. Wargame Simulation Theory and Evaluation Method for Emergency Evacuation of Residents from Urban Waterlogging Disaster Area. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1260.

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