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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(12), 1235; doi:10.3390/ijerph13121235

Minimizing Spatial Variability of Healthcare Spatial Accessibility—The Case of a Dengue Fever Outbreak

1
Department of Geomatics, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan City 700, Taiwan
2
Research Center for Humanities and Social Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei City 115, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Congdon
Received: 2 October 2016 / Revised: 24 November 2016 / Accepted: 2 December 2016 / Published: 13 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3118 KB, uploaded 13 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

Outbreaks of infectious diseases or multi-casualty incidents have the potential to generate a large number of patients. It is a challenge for the healthcare system when demand for care suddenly surges. Traditionally, valuation of heath care spatial accessibility was based on static supply and demand information. In this study, we proposed an optimal model with the three-step floating catchment area (3SFCA) to account for the supply to minimize variability in spatial accessibility. We used empirical dengue fever outbreak data in Tainan City, Taiwan in 2015 to demonstrate the dynamic change in spatial accessibility based on the epidemic trend. The x and y coordinates of dengue-infected patients with precision loss were provided publicly by the Tainan City government, and were used as our model’s demand. The spatial accessibility of heath care during the dengue outbreak from August to October 2015 was analyzed spatially and temporally by producing accessibility maps, and conducting capacity change analysis. This study also utilized the particle swarm optimization (PSO) model to decrease the spatial variation in accessibility and shortage areas of healthcare resources as the epidemic went on. The proposed method in this study can help decision makers reallocate healthcare resources spatially when the ratios of demand and supply surge too quickly and form clusters in some locations. View Full-Text
Keywords: floating catchment area; particle swarm optimization floating catchment area; particle swarm optimization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chu, H.-J.; Lin, B.-C.; Yu, M.-R.; Chan, T.-C. Minimizing Spatial Variability of Healthcare Spatial Accessibility—The Case of a Dengue Fever Outbreak. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 1235.

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