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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(10), 960; doi:10.3390/ijerph13100960

Activity Pattern of Urban Adult Students in an Eastern Mediterranean Society

1
Department of Basic Sciences, Al Zaytoonah University of Jordan, P.O. Box 130, Amman 11733, Jordan
2
Department of Physics, The University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
3
Division of Atmospheric Sciences, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 48, FI-00014 UHEL, Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alessandra Cincinelli and Tania Martellini
Received: 15 July 2016 / Revised: 3 September 2016 / Accepted: 7 September 2016 / Published: 28 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor Air Quality and Health 2016)
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Abstract

Knowledge of human activity patterns is needed in air pollution exposure and health risk assessment. However, human activity patterns have never been evaluated in the Eastern Mediterranean societies. Therefore, we investigated the activity pattern of 285 subjects (17–63 years) in Amman, Jordan during October to November, 2015. The subjects spent >80% of their time indoors during weekend days and >85% on workdays. They spent ~4.8% and ~5.7% in transportation during weekend days and workdays, respectively. Males had a different activity pattern than females on weekend days, but both genders had similar activity patterns on workdays. On workdays, males spent less time indoors than females. The activity pattern found in this study is a bit different than that for North Americans and Europeans, who spend more time indoors and in transit. The activity pattern found in this study was very different than that observed for Koreans, who spent about 59% and 67% indoors on workdays and weekend, respectively. The main outcomes of this survey can be utilized in human exposure studies. This study and the upcoming future studies have been encouraged and supported by the regional WHO office in Amman. View Full-Text
Keywords: time-spent; indoors; outdoors; traffic; exposure time-spent; indoors; outdoors; traffic; exposure
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Odeh, I.; Hussein, T. Activity Pattern of Urban Adult Students in an Eastern Mediterranean Society. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 960.

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