Next Article in Journal
Temporal Trends in Geographical Variation in Breast Cancer Mortality in China, 1973–2005: An Analysis of Nationwide Surveys on Cause of Death
Previous Article in Journal
Activity Pattern of Urban Adult Students in an Eastern Mediterranean Society
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13(10), 959; doi:10.3390/ijerph13100959

A Cross-Sectional Study of Tobacco Advertising, Promotion, and Sponsorship in Airports across Europe and the United States

1
Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Institute for Global Tobacco Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 20742, USA
2
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 20742, USA
3
Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 20742, USA
4
Public Health Agency of Barcelona, Barcelona 08023, Spain
5
Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain
6
Sant Pau Institute of Biomedical Research (IIB Sant Pau), Barcelona 08025, Spain
7
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid-IdiPaz, Madrid 28220, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Zubair Kabir
Received: 2 June 2016 / Revised: 19 August 2016 / Accepted: 20 September 2016 / Published: 28 September 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3215 KB, uploaded 28 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship (TAPS) bans are effective and are increasingly being implemented in a number of venues and countries, yet the state of TAPS in airports and their effect on airport smoking behavior is unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the presence of TAPS in airports across Europe and the US, and to begin to examine the relationship between TAPS and smoking behaviors in airports. We used a cross-sectional study design to observe 21 airports in Europe (11) and the US (10). Data collectors observed points of sale for tobacco products, types of products sold, advertisements and promotions, and branding or logos that appeared in the airport. Tobacco products were sold in 95% of all airports, with significantly more sales in Europe than the US. Advertisements appeared mostly in post-security areas; however, airports with advertisements in pre-security areas had significantly more smokers observed outdoors than airports without advertisements in pre-security areas. Tobacco branding appeared in designated smoking rooms as well as on non-tobacco products in duty free shops. TAPS are widespread in airports in Europe and the US and might be associated with outdoor smoking, though further research is needed to better understand any relationship between the two. This study adds to a growing body of research on tobacco control in air transit and related issues. As smoke-free policies advance, they should include comprehensive TAPS bans that extend to airport facilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: secondhand smoke; tobacco advertising; promotion and sponsorship (TAPS); smoke-free policy; environmental/occupational health secondhand smoke; tobacco advertising; promotion and sponsorship (TAPS); smoke-free policy; environmental/occupational health
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Soong, A.; Navas-Acien, A.; Pang, Y.; Lopez, M.J.; Garcia-Esquinas, E.; Stillman, F.A. A Cross-Sectional Study of Tobacco Advertising, Promotion, and Sponsorship in Airports across Europe and the United States. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2016, 13, 959.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top