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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 10910-10922; doi:10.3390/ijerph120910910

The Effects of Being an Only Child, Family Cohesion, and Family Conflict on Behavioral Problems among Adolescents with Physically Ill Parents

1
School of Public Health, China Medical University, No.77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang 110013, China
2
Shenyang Academy of Environmental Sciences, No.139 NantaStreet, Shenhe District, Shenyang 110000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 29 June 2015 / Revised: 26 August 2015 / Accepted: 28 August 2015 / Published: 2 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [674 KB, uploaded 2 September 2015]

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to examine the parental physical illness’ effect on behavioral problems among adolescents, and the effects of being an only child, family cohesion, and family conflict on behavioral problems among adolescents with physically ill parents in Liaoning province, China. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in 2009. A questionnaire including two dimensions of the Family Environment Scale (family cohesion and family conflict), self-reported Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and demographic factors was distributed to the subjects. Results: Among the 5220 adolescents, 308 adolescents lived with physically ill parents. The adolescents with physically ill parents had more behavioral problems than adolescents with healthy parents. Among the girls who lived in families with physically ill parents, the SDQ score and the prevalence of SDQ syndromes were higher in the girls with siblings than the girls without siblings after adjusting for variables; the effect of family cohesion on SDQ was significant after adjusting for variables. Conclusion: Interventions targeting family cohesion may be effective to reduce behavioral problems of adolescents with physically ill parents. View Full-Text
Keywords: only child; adolescent; family cohesion; family conflict; behavioral problems; physically ill parents only child; adolescent; family cohesion; family conflict; behavioral problems; physically ill parents
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Sui, G.-Y.; Wang, J.-N.; Liu, G.-C.; Wang, L. The Effects of Being an Only Child, Family Cohesion, and Family Conflict on Behavioral Problems among Adolescents with Physically Ill Parents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 10910-10922.

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