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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 10897-10909; doi:10.3390/ijerph120910897

Factors Associated with Fatigue among Men Aged 45 and Older: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510182, China
2
Institute of Public Health, School of Nursing, Henan University, Kaifeng, 475004, China
3
Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, 510182, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 12 July 2015 / Revised: 23 August 2015 / Accepted: 25 August 2015 / Published: 2 September 2015
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Abstract

Background and Purpose: Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms reported in several studies; but few studies have concentrated on the male population, especially for the middle-aged and older men who are exposed to greater fatigue risk. The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of fatigue and identify the risk factors of fatigue among men aged 45 and older in China. Methods: This study was part of a cross-sectional study on community health in Shunde (Guangdong Province, China). A total sample of 1158 men aged 45 and older were included. Sociodemographic characteristics, health and lifestyle factors and the Chalder Fatigue Scale (CFS) were measured by structured questionnaires through face-to-face interviews. Multivariate logistic regression was applied to determine the risk factors of fatigue. Results: Approximately 30% of participants experienced fatigue. Older age (≥75 years: adjusted OR 3.88, 95% CI 2.09–7.18), single marital status (1.94, 1.04–3.62), unemployed status (1.68, 1.16–2.43), number of self-reported chronic diseases (≥2 chronic diseases: 2.83, 1.86–4.31), number of individuals’ children (≥4 children: 2.35, 1.33–4.15), hospitalization in the last year (1.61, 1.03–2.52) were all significantly associated with increased risk of fatigue, while regular exercise (0.46, 0.32–0.65) was a protective factor against fatigue. Conclusions: Fatigue was usual in males and several factors were associated with the fatigue. These findings may have implication in risk assessment of fatigue and help in developing and implementing targeted interventions in middle-aged and elderly males. View Full-Text
Keywords: fatigue; middle-aged and older men; prevalence; cross-sectional study fatigue; middle-aged and older men; prevalence; cross-sectional study
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, W.-Q.; Jing, M.-J.; Tang, J.; Wang, J.-J.; Zhang, H.-S.; Yuan, L.-X.; Wang, P.-X. Factors Associated with Fatigue among Men Aged 45 and Older: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 10897-10909.

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