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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(9), 10490-10507; doi:10.3390/ijerph120910490

Food Safety in Low and Middle Income Countries

Program Leader Food Safety and Zoonoses, International Livestock Research Institute, P.O. Box 30709, Nairobi 00100, Kenya
Academic Editors: Mieke Uyttendaele, Eelco Franz and Oliver Schlüter
Received: 3 May 2015 / Revised: 19 August 2015 / Accepted: 20 August 2015 / Published: 27 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Safety)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [699 KB, uploaded 27 August 2015]

Abstract

Evidence on foodborne disease (FBD) in low and middle income countries (LMICs) is still limited, but important studies in recent years have broadened our understanding. These suggest that developing country consumers are concerned about FBD; that most of the known burden of FBD disease comes from biological hazards; and, that most FBD is the result of consumption of fresh, perishable foods sold in informal markets. FBD is likely to increase in LMICs as the result of massive increases in the consumption of risky foods (livestock and fish products and produce) and lengthening and broadening value chains. Although intensification of agricultural production is a strong trend, so far agro-industrial production and modern retail have not demonstrated clear advantages in food safety and disease control. There is limited evidence on effective, sustainable and scalable interventions to improve food safety in domestic markets. Training farmers on input use and good practices often benefits those farmers trained, but has not been scalable or sustainable, except where good practices are linked to eligibility for export. Training informal value chain actors who receive business benefits from being trained has been more successful. New technologies, growing public concern and increased emphasis on food system governance can also improve food safety. View Full-Text
Keywords: food safety; LMICs; equity; health burden food safety; LMICs; equity; health burden
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Grace, D. Food Safety in Low and Middle Income Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 10490-10507.

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