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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(7), 7348-7356; doi:10.3390/ijerph120707348

Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Field Exposure and Parkinson’s Disease—A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Data

1
Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences, Utrecht University, Utrecht 3584CM, The Netherlands
2
Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern 3012, Switzerland
3
Julius Centre for Public Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Centre, Utrecht 3584CG, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Martin Röösli
Received: 22 May 2015 / Revised: 9 June 2015 / Accepted: 15 June 2015 / Published: 30 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electromagnetic Fields and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1060 KB, uploaded 30 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Objective: To examine the association between occupational exposure to extremely-low-frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF) and Parkinson’s disease. Methods: We systematically searched publications reporting risk estimates of Parkinson’s disease in workers exposed to ELF-MF. Summary relative risks were obtained with random effects meta-analysis. Results: We included 11 studies. To assign exposure, four studies evaluated occupational records, four used census, interview or questionnaire information and three used death certificates. Risk of Parkinson’s disease was not elevated in workers exposed to ELF-MF with a summary relative risk of 1.05, 95% CI 0.98–1.13. Conclusions: Overall, there was no evidence that the exposure to ELF-MF increases the risk of Parkinson’s disease. View Full-Text
Keywords: meta-analysis; Parkinson’s disease; magnetic field; human meta-analysis; Parkinson’s disease; magnetic field; human
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Huss, A.; Koeman, T.; Kromhout, H.; Vermeulen, R. Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Field Exposure and Parkinson’s Disease—A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Data. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 7348-7356.

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