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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(6), 6561-6581; doi:10.3390/ijerph120606561

The Impact of Different Degrees of Feedback on Physical Activity Levels: A 4-Week Intervention Study

Department of Kinesiology, Physical Activity, Sports & Health Research Group, KU Leuven, Leuven 3001, Belgium
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tetsuji Yamada
Received: 18 March 2015 / Revised: 26 May 2015 / Accepted: 3 June 2015 / Published: 9 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
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Abstract

Assessing levels of physical activity (PA) and providing feedback about these levels might have an effect on participant’s PA behavior. This study discusses the effect of different levels of feedback—from minimal to use of a feedback display and coach—on PA over a 4-week intervention period. PA was measured at baseline, during and immediately after the intervention. Participants (n = 227) were randomly assigned to a Minimal Intervention Group (MIG-no feedback), Pedometer Group (PG-feedback on steps taken), Display Group (DG-feedback on steps, minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity and energy expenditure) or Coaching Group (CoachG-same as DG with need-supportive coaching). Two-way ANCOVA showed no significant Group × Time interaction effect for the different PA variables between the MIG and PG. Also no differences emerged between PG and DG. As hypothesized, CoachG had higher PA values throughout the intervention compared with DG. Self-monitoring using a pedometer resulted in more steps compared with a no-feedback condition at the start of the intervention. However, adding individualized coaching seems necessary to increase the PA level until the end of the intervention. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity assessment; motion sensors; exercise psychology; health promotion physical activity assessment; motion sensors; exercise psychology; health promotion
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Van Hoye, K.; Boen, F.; Lefevre, J. The Impact of Different Degrees of Feedback on Physical Activity Levels: A 4-Week Intervention Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 6561-6581.

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