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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(6), 6367-6377; doi:10.3390/ijerph120606367

Health Status and Risk Factors among Adolescent Survivors One Month after the 2014 Ludian Earthquake

Institute of Military Health Management, Second Military Medical University, 800 Xiangyin Rd, Shanghai 200433, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tetsuji Yamada
Received: 13 April 2015 / Revised: 18 May 2015 / Accepted: 1 June 2015 / Published: 4 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Behavior and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [210 KB, uploaded 4 June 2015]

Abstract

Background: An earthquake struck Ludian in Yunnan Province (China) on 3 August 2014, resulting in 3143 injuries, 617 deaths, and 112 missing persons. Our study aimed at estimating the health status and associated determinants among adolescent survivors after the Ludian earthquake. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 845 was conducted at the Ludian No. 1 Middle School. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, ANOVA and stepwise linear regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results: The mean scores on the physical component summary (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) were 46.23 (SD = 7.10) and 36.34 (SD = 7.09), respectively. Lower PCS scores in the aftermath of an earthquake were associated with being trapped or in danger, being female, being an ethnic minority, injury to self and house damage, while lower MSC scores were associated with fear during the earthquake, Han ethnicity, death in the family, not being involved in the rescue and low household income. Conclusions: In our study, significant associations between demographic, socio-economic, and trauma-related experiences variables and overall physical and mental health of adolescent survivors were presented. The results of this study help expand our knowledge of health status among adolescent survivors after the Ludian earthquake. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; health status; earthquake; risk factor adolescents; health status; earthquake; risk factor
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tang, B.; Ge, Y.; Xue, C.; Kang, P.; Liu, Y.; Liu, X.; Liu, Z.; Yu, W.; Zhang, L. Health Status and Risk Factors among Adolescent Survivors One Month after the 2014 Ludian Earthquake. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 6367-6377.

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