Next Article in Journal
Smoking Cessation among Low-Socioeconomic Status and Disadvantaged Population Groups: A Systematic Review of Research Output
Previous Article in Journal
Clear Skies and Grey Areas: Flight Attendants’ Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Attitudes toward Smoke-Free Policy 25 Years since Smoking was Banned on Airplanes
Previous Article in Special Issue
Disparities in Children’s Blood Lead and Mercury Levels According to Community and Individual Socioeconomic Positions
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(6), 6388-6402; doi:10.3390/ijerph120606388

State-Issued Identification Cards Reveal Patterns in Adult Weight Status

1
School of Community Health, Portland State University, Portland, OR 97201, USA
2
Oregon Health Authority Public Health Division, Portland, OR 97232, USA
3
George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis, MO 63119, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Toscano
Received: 10 February 2015 / Revised: 5 May 2015 / Accepted: 1 June 2015 / Published: 8 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eliminating Health Disparities to Achieve Health Equity)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4167 KB, uploaded 8 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Background: State-issued identification cards are a promising data source for neighborhood-level obesity estimates. Methods: We used information from three million Oregon state-issued identification cards to compute age-adjusted estimates of average adult body mass index (BMI) for each census tract in the state. We used multivariate linear regression to identify associations between weight status and population characteristics, food access, commuting behavior, and geography. Results: Together, home values, education, race, ethnicity, car commuting, and rural-urban commuting area (RUCA) explained 86% of the variation in BMI among tracts. BMI was lower in areas with higher home values and greater educational attainment, and higher in areas with more workers commuting by car. Discussion: Our findings are consistent with other research on socioeconomic disparities in obesity. This demonstrates state-issued identification cards are a promising data source for BMI surveillance and may offer new insight into the association between weight status and economic and environmental factors. Public health agencies should explore options for developing their own obesity estimates from identification card data. View Full-Text
Keywords: BMI (Body Mass Index); obesity; surveillance; driver card; driver license; identification card BMI (Body Mass Index); obesity; surveillance; driver card; driver license; identification card
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Morris, D.S.; Main, E.C.; Harris, J.K.; Moland, A.; Cude, C. State-Issued Identification Cards Reveal Patterns in Adult Weight Status. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 6388-6402.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top