Next Article in Journal
SaDA: From Sampling to Data Analysis—An Extensible Open Source Infrastructure for Rapid, Robust and Automated Management and Analysis of Modern Ecological High-Throughput Microarray Data
Next Article in Special Issue
Impacts of Climate Change on Vector Borne Diseases in the Mediterranean Basin — Implications for Preparedness and Adaptation Policy
Previous Article in Journal
An Evaluation of Antifungal Agents for the Treatment of Fungal Contamination in Indoor Air Environments
Previous Article in Special Issue
Modelling Anopheles gambiae s.s. Population Dynamics with Temperature- and Age-Dependent Survival
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(6), 6333-6351; doi:10.3390/ijerph120606333

Prototype Early Warning Systems for Vector-Borne Diseases in Europe

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, Tomtebodavagen 11A, SE-171 83 Stockholm, Sweden
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 11 March 2015 / Revised: 21 May 2015 / Accepted: 25 May 2015 / Published: 2 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change Impacts on Vector-borne Diseases)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2715 KB, uploaded 2 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

Globalization and environmental change, social and demographic determinants and health system capacity are significant drivers of infectious diseases which can also act as epidemic precursors. Thus, monitoring changes in these drivers can help anticipate, or even forecast, an upsurge of infectious diseases. The European Environment and Epidemiology (E3) Network has been built for this purpose and applied to three early warning case studies: (1) The environmental suitability of malaria transmission in Greece was mapped in order to target epidemiological and entomological surveillance and vector control activities. Malaria transmission in these areas was interrupted in 2013 through such integrated preparedness and response activities. (2) Since 2010, recurrent West Nile fever outbreaks have ensued in South/eastern Europe. Temperature deviations from a thirty year average proved to be associated with the 2010 outbreak. Drivers of subsequent outbreaks were computed through multivariate logistic regression models and included monthly temperature anomalies for July and a normalized water index. (3) Dengue is a tropical disease but sustained transmission has recently emerged in Madeira. Autochthonous transmission has also occurred repeatedly in France and in Croatia mainly due to travel importation. The risk of dengue importation into Europe in 2010 was computed with the volume of international travelers from dengue affected areas worldwide.These prototype early warning systems indicate that monitoring drivers of infectious diseases can help predict vector-borne disease threats. View Full-Text
Keywords: vector-borne diseases; early warning; climate change; globalization; malaria; West Nile fever; dengue. vector-borne diseases; early warning; climate change; globalization; malaria; West Nile fever; dengue.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Semenza, J.C. Prototype Early Warning Systems for Vector-Borne Diseases in Europe. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 6333-6351.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top