Next Article in Journal
Metallic Burden of Deciduous Teeth and Childhood Behavioral Deficits
Next Article in Special Issue
GIS and Remote Sensing Use in the Exploration of Lyme Disease Epidemiology
Previous Article in Journal
Characterization of the Particle Size Fraction associated with Heavy Metals in Suspended Sediments of the Yellow River
Previous Article in Special Issue
Prototype Early Warning Systems for Vector-Borne Diseases in Europe
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(6), 6745-6770; doi:10.3390/ijerph120606745

Impacts of Climate Change on Vector Borne Diseases in the Mediterranean Basin — Implications for Preparedness and Adaptation Policy

1
School of Public Health, University of Haifa, Haifa 3498838, Israel
2
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Haifa, Haifa 3498838, Israel
3
The Arava Institute for Environmental Studies, Kibbutz Ketura 8884000, Israel
4
Division of Pest Surveillance & Control, Israel Ministry of Environmental Protection, P.O. Box 34033, Jerusalem 95464, Israel
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Toscano
Received: 28 February 2015 / Accepted: 9 June 2015 / Published: 15 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change Impacts on Vector-borne Diseases)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [780 KB, uploaded 15 June 2015]

Abstract

The Mediterranean region is vulnerable to climatic changes. A warming trend exists in the basin with changes in rainfall patterns. It is expected that vector-borne diseases (VBD) in the region will be influenced by climate change since weather conditions influence their emergence. For some diseases (i.e., West Nile virus) the linkage between emergence andclimate change was recently proved; for others (such as dengue) the risk for local transmission is real. Consequently, adaptation and preparation for changing patterns of VBD distribution is crucial in the Mediterranean basin. We analyzed six representative Mediterranean countries and found that they have started to prepare for this threat, but the preparation levels among them differ, and policy mechanisms are limited and basic. Furthermore, cross-border cooperation is not stable and depends on international frameworks. The Mediterranean countries should improve their adaptation plans, and develop more cross-sectoral, multidisciplinary and participatory approaches. In addition, based on experience from existing local networks in advancing national legislation and trans-border cooperation, we outline recommendations for a regional cooperation framework. We suggest that a stable and neutral framework is required, and that it should address the characteristics and needs of African, Asian and European countries around the Mediterranean in order to ensure participation. Such a regional framework is essential to reduce the risk of VBD transmission, since the vectors of infectious diseases know no political borders. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; vector-borne diseases; Mediterranean; adaptation policy climate change; vector-borne diseases; Mediterranean; adaptation policy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Negev, M.; Paz, S.; Clermont, A.; Pri-Or, N.G.; Shalom, U.; Yeger, T.; Green, M.S. Impacts of Climate Change on Vector Borne Diseases in the Mediterranean Basin — Implications for Preparedness and Adaptation Policy. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 6745-6770.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top