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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(5), 5233-5240; doi:10.3390/ijerph120505233

Prevalence of Marijuana Use among University Students in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru

1
Inter-American Observatory on Drugs, Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD), Organization of American States (OAS), 1889 F Street NW, Washington, DC 20006, USA
2
Global SMART Programme (Latin America), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 1889 F Street NW, Washington, DC 20006, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jorge Delva and Shijian Li
Received: 21 November 2014 / Revised: 1 May 2015 / Accepted: 7 May 2015 / Published: 15 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Substance and Drug Abuse Prevention)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [664 KB, uploaded 15 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

Young adults 18 to 25 years old show the highest prevalence of marijuana use in Latin America. This study analyzes the changes in prevalence of marijuana use among university students in the Andean Community (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru) from two studies carried out in 2009 and in 2012. Data were collected through representative two-stage samples of universities and students in the Andean Community. An online survey was administered using a standardized questionnaire. Prevalence was calculated for lifetime, past year, and past month. Marijuana was the most widely used illicit substance consumed among university students, in 2009 and in 2012. Past month prevalence among university students in 2009 in Colombia was 5.27%, in Peru 1.00%, in Ecuador 1.68%, and in Bolivia 0.76%. Past month prevalence in 2012 in Colombia was 7.14%, in Ecuador 3.67%, in Peru 1.62%, and in Bolivia 1.45% in 2012. Among university students in the Andean Community, past month prevalence increased among both males and females between 2009 and 2012 in most countries. Marijuana continues to be the most commonly used illicit drug in Latin American countries. Increases in prevalence among young adults could have important implications for national drug policy. View Full-Text
Keywords: marijuana; drug use; university students; Latin America marijuana; drug use; university students; Latin America
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Hynes, M.; Demarco, M.; Araneda, J.C.; Cumsille, F. Prevalence of Marijuana Use among University Students in Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 5233-5240.

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