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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(3), 2870-2877; doi:10.3390/ijerph120302870

Mycobacteria in Water Used for Personal Hygiene in Heavy Industry and Collieries: A Potential Risk for Employees

1
Institute of Public Health, Partyzanske namesti 7, 702 00 Ostrava, Czech Republic
2
Veterinary Research Institute, Hudcova 70, 621 00 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 4 December 2014 / Revised: 24 December 2014 / Accepted: 26 February 2015 / Published: 4 March 2015
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Abstract

Environmental mycobacteria (EM) constitute a health risk, particularly for immunocompromised people. Workers in heavy industry and in collieries represent an at-risk group of people as their immunity is often weakened by long-term employment in dusty environments, frequent smoking and an increased occurrence of pulmonary diseases. This study was concerned with the presence of EM in non-drinking water used for the hygiene of employees in six large industrial companies and collieries. Over a period of ten years, 1096 samples of surface water treated for hygiene purposes (treated surface water) and treated surface water diluted with mining water were examined. EM were detected in 63.4 and 41.5% samples of treated surface water and treated surface water diluted with mining water, respectively. Mycobacterium gordonae, M. avium-intracellulare and M. kansasii were the most frequently detected species. Adoption of suitable precautions should be enforced to reduce the incidence of mycobacteria in shower water and to decrease the infectious pressure on employees belonging to an at-risk group of people. View Full-Text
Keywords: environmental mycobacteria; surface water; mining water; shower; industry; colliery environmental mycobacteria; surface water; mining water; shower; industry; colliery
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ulmann, V.; Kracalikova, A.; Dziedzinska, R. Mycobacteria in Water Used for Personal Hygiene in Heavy Industry and Collieries: A Potential Risk for Employees. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 2870-2877.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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