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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(3), 2781-2792; doi:10.3390/ijerph120302781

Association between Experience of Child Abuse and Severity of Drug Addiction Measured by the Addiction Severity Index among Japanese Drug-Dependent Patients

1
Social Psychiatry and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, Japan
2
Addictive Substance Project, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, 2-1-6 Kamikitazawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156-8506, Japan
3
Ibaraki Prefectural Medical Center of Psychiatry, 654 Asahi-cho, Kasama, Ibaraki 309-1717, Japan
4
College of Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, USA
5
Hanamizuki Geriatric Health Services Facility, 4-17-1 Jindaiji-Kitamachi, Chofu, Tokyo 182-0011, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 13 October 2014 / Revised: 19 February 2015 / Accepted: 25 February 2015 / Published: 3 March 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [686 KB, uploaded 3 March 2015]

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to clarify the association between child abuse experiences and drug addiction severity among Japanese drug-dependent patients using the Addiction Severity Index-Japanese version (ASI-J). One hundred and eleven inpatients and outpatients with drug dependence participated in the study. Some of the questions on the ASI-J asked about lifetime experiences of abuse. A higher percentage of female participants experienced child abuse compared with male participants. Male participants who experienced child abuse (MEA) had a significantly higher severity of drug use than men who did not experience it (MNEA). Female participants who experienced child abuse (FEA) had significantly more serious problems in family/social relationships than female participants who did not experience it (FNEA). Patients in the MEA group were arrested less frequently for drug charges, experienced more serious problems with their fathers, and experienced more severe anxiety in their lifetime compared with the MNEA group. The FEA group experienced more serious troubles with their sexual partners, close friends, and families and experienced more severe psychiatric problems in their lifetime compared with the FNEA group. These results suggest gender differences in the problems experienced by drug-dependent patients with child abuse experiences, and gender-specific interventions may be more effective in treating their drug dependence. View Full-Text
Keywords: Addiction Severity Index; drug dependence; child abuse; gender differences; Japanese Addiction Severity Index; drug dependence; child abuse; gender differences; Japanese
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ogai, Y.; Senoo, E.; Gardner, F.C.; Haraguchi, A.; Saito, T.; Morita, N.; Ikeda, K. Association between Experience of Child Abuse and Severity of Drug Addiction Measured by the Addiction Severity Index among Japanese Drug-Dependent Patients. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 2781-2792.

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