Impact of a Small Cell on the RF-EMF Exposure in a Train
AbstractThe deployment of a miniature mobile-phone base station or small cell in a train car significantly improves the coverage and the capacity of a mobile network service on the train. However, the impact of the small cell on the passengers’ exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) is unknown. In this study, we assessed experimentally the RF-EMF exposure of a mobile-phone user who is either connected to the outdoor macrocell network or to an in-train small cell, while traveling on the train, by means of the absorbed-dose concept, which combines the base station downlink exposure with the mobile-phone uplink exposure. For Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) technology at 1800 MHz, we found that by connecting to a small cell, the brain exposure of the user could realistically be reduced by a factor 35 and the whole-body exposure by a factor 11. View Full-Text
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Aerts, S.; Plets, D.; Thielens, A.; Martens, L.; Joseph, W. Impact of a Small Cell on the RF-EMF Exposure in a Train. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 2639-2652.
Aerts S, Plets D, Thielens A, Martens L, Joseph W. Impact of a Small Cell on the RF-EMF Exposure in a Train. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2015; 12(3):2639-2652.Chicago/Turabian Style
Aerts, Sam; Plets, David; Thielens, Arno; Martens, Luc; Joseph, Wout. 2015. "Impact of a Small Cell on the RF-EMF Exposure in a Train." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 12, no. 3: 2639-2652.