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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(3), 2612-2621; doi:10.3390/ijerph120302612

Rationally Modified Estrogen Receptor Protein as a Bio-Recognition Element for the Detection of EDC Pollutants: Strategies and Opportunities

1
Institute for Research in Biomedicine, Universita' della Svizzera italiana (USI) via Vela 6, 6500 Bellinzona, Switzerland
2
European Commission—Directorate General—Joint Research Centre, Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Ispra, Varese 21027, Italy
3
European Commission–Directorate General–Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection, Ispra, Varese 21027, Italy
4
CSEM Landquart, Bahnhofstrasse 1, Landquart 7302, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Roberto Spurio, Duarte Tito, Letizia Brandi and Laura Mancini
Received: 15 December 2014 / Revised: 11 February 2015 / Accepted: 16 February 2015 / Published: 27 February 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1101 KB, uploaded 27 February 2015]   |  

Abstract

The estrogen receptor protein (ER) can bind a vast number of organic pollutants widely spread in the environment and collectively known as Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals, EDCs. Its broad selectivity makes it an ideal bio-recognition element for the detection of EDCs. Here we describe the strategy and rationale for the design of ER based biosensors and assays that generate a signal in the presence of EDCs. The opportunity to use either natural or rationally modified ER molecules is discussed. The latter approach was successfully applied in the EU-FP7 project RADAR, with the aim to develop a novel biosensor for the detection of organic pollutants both in the environment and in commercial water products. View Full-Text
Keywords: estrogen receptor; EDC; biosensor; pollutants estrogen receptor; EDC; biosensor; pollutants
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pedotti, M.; Ferrero, V.E.V.; Lettieri, T.; Colpo, P.; Follonier, S.; Calzolai, L.; Varani, L. Rationally Modified Estrogen Receptor Protein as a Bio-Recognition Element for the Detection of EDC Pollutants: Strategies and Opportunities. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 2612-2621.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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