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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(10), 12030-12042; doi:10.3390/ijerph121012030

Are Informing Knowledge and Supportive Attitude Enough for Tobacco Control? A Latent Class Analysis of Cigarette Smoking Patterns among Medical Teachers in China

1
Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078, Hunan, China
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, NY 14642, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Received: 23 July 2015 / Revised: 31 August 2015 / Accepted: 18 September 2015 / Published: 25 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [744 KB, uploaded 25 September 2015]

Abstract

Background: This study is one part of a five-year tobacco-control project in China, which aimed to gain insight into the smoking behavior, knowledge, and attitudes among medical teachers in China. Methods: In May 2010, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among medical teachers of Xiangya Medical School, Central South University, China. Results: A total number of 682 medical teachers completed the surveys. Latent class analysis indicated the sample of smoking patterns was best represented by three latent subgroups of smoking consumption severity levels. Most respondents were informed of smoking related knowledge, but lack of knowledge on smoking cessation. Most of them held a supportive attitude towards their responsibilities among tobacco control, as well as the social significance of smoking. However, both smoking related knowledge and attitude were not correlated with severity of smoking consumption among medical teachers. Conclusion: The smoking prevalence among medical teachers in China remains high. Programs on smoking cessation training are required. Future study should also develop targeted interventions for subgroups of smokers based on smoking consumption. Persistent and effective anti-tobacco efforts are needed to achieve the goals of creating smoke-free campuses and hospitals. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking; smoking cessation; health knowledge; attitude; practice smoking; smoking cessation; health knowledge; attitude; practice
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Niu, L.; Luo, D.; Silenzio, V.M.; Xiao, S.; Tian, Y. Are Informing Knowledge and Supportive Attitude Enough for Tobacco Control? A Latent Class Analysis of Cigarette Smoking Patterns among Medical Teachers in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 12030-12042.

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