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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(1), 623-651; doi:10.3390/ijerph120100623

Public Health Adaptation to Climate Change in Canadian Jurisdictions

1
Department of Geography, McGill University, Burnside Hall Building Room 705, 805 Sherbrooke Street West, Montreal, QC H3A 0B9, Canada
2
Enteric Surveillance and Population Studies Division, Centre for Food-borne, Environmental and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases, Public Health Agency of Canada, 255 Woodlawn Road West, Unit 120, Guelph, ON N1H 8J1, Canada
3
Environmental Issues Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, 255 Woodlawn Road West, Unit 120, Guelph, ON N1H 8J1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Kristie L. Ebi and Jeremy Hess
Received: 23 September 2014 / Accepted: 22 December 2014 / Published: 12 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Extreme Weather-Related Morbidity and Mortality: Risks and Responses)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1420 KB, uploaded 14 January 2015]   |  

Abstract

Climate change poses numerous risks to the health of Canadians. Extreme weather events, poor air quality, and food insecurity in northern regions are likely to increase along with the increasing incidence and range of infectious diseases. In this study we identify and characterize Canadian federal, provincial, territorial and municipal adaptation to these health risks based on publically available information. Federal health adaptation initiatives emphasize capacity building and gathering information to address general health, infectious disease and heat-related risks. Provincial and territorial adaptation is varied. Quebec is a leader in climate change adaptation, having a notably higher number of adaptation initiatives reported, addressing almost all risks posed by climate change in the province, and having implemented various adaptation types. Meanwhile, all other Canadian provinces and territories are in the early stages of health adaptation. Based on publically available information, reported adaptation also varies greatly by municipality. The six sampled Canadian regional health authorities (or equivalent) are not reporting any adaptation initiatives. We also find little relationship between the number of initiatives reported in the six sampled municipalities and their provinces, suggesting that municipalities are adapting (or not adapting) autonomously. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; adaptation; Canada; public health; adaptation tracking climate change; adaptation; Canada; public health; adaptation tracking
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Austin, S.E.; Ford, J.D.; Berrang-Ford, L.; Araos, M.; Parker, S.; Fleury, M.D. Public Health Adaptation to Climate Change in Canadian Jurisdictions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 623-651.

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