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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12(1), 300-321; doi:10.3390/ijerph120100300

Health Impact Assessment of Urban Waterway Decisions

1
Department of Environmental Medicine, University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box EHSC, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
2
Corporación del Proyecto ENLACE del Caño Martín Peña, P.O. Box 41308, San Juan, 00940-1308, Puerto Rico
3
Duwamish River Cleanup Coalition/TAG, 210 South Hudson St, Suite 332, Seattle, WA 98134, USA
4
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences University of Washington School of Public Health, Box 357234, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
5
Minneapolis Health Department, 250 South 4th Street, Rm. 510, Minneapolis, MN 55415, USA
6
University of Rochester Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box EHSC, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jeffery Spickett
Received: 1 September 2014 / Accepted: 12 December 2014 / Published: 25 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact Assessment: Realizing Its Potential)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [730 KB, uploaded 29 December 2014]   |  

Abstract

Health impact assessments (HIA) promote the consideration of health in a wide range of public decisions. Although each HIA is different, common pathways, evidence bases, and strategies for community engagement tend to emerge in certain sectors, such as urban redevelopment, natural resource extraction, or transportation planning. To date, a limited number of HIAs have been conducted on decisions affecting water resources and waterfronts. This review presents four recent HIAs of water-related decisions in the United States and Puerto Rico. Although the four cases are topically and geographically diverse, several common themes emerged from the consideration of health in water-related decisions. Water resource decisions are characterized by multiple competing uses, inter-institutional and inter-jurisdictional complexity, scientific uncertainty, long time scales for environmental change, diverse cultural and historical human values, and tradeoffs between private use and public access. These four case studies reveal challenges and opportunities of examining waterfront decisions through a “health lens”. This review analyzes these cases, common themes, and lessons learned for the future practice of HIA in the waterfront zone and beyond. View Full-Text
Keywords: health impact assessment; urban development; urban health; environment and public health; water quality; recreation; rivers health impact assessment; urban development; urban health; environment and public health; water quality; recreation; rivers
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Korfmacher, K.S.; Aviles, K.; Cummings, B.; Daniell, W.; Erdmann, J.; Garrison, V. Health Impact Assessment of Urban Waterway Decisions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2015, 12, 300-321.

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