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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(9), 8794-8805; doi:10.3390/ijerph110908794

Odor and Noise Intolerance in Persons with Self-Reported Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity

1
Department of Psychology, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden
2
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Umeå University, SE-901 87 Umeå, Sweden
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 May 2014 / Revised: 10 August 2014 / Accepted: 19 August 2014 / Published: 27 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electromagnetic Fields and Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [222 KB, uploaded 27 August 2014]

Abstract

Lack of confirmation of symptoms attributed to electromagnetic fields (EMF) and triggered by EMF exposure has highlighted the role of individual factors. Prior observations indicate intolerance to other types of environmental exposures among persons with electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS). This study assessed differences in odor and noise intolerance between persons with EHS and healthy controls by use of subscales and global measures of the Chemical Sensitivity Scale (CSS) and the Noise Sensitivity Scale (NSS). The EHS group scored significantly higher than the controls on all CSS and NSS scales. Correlation coefficients between CSS and NSS scores ranged from 0.60 to 0.65 across measures. The findings suggest an association between EHS and odor and noise intolerance, encouraging further investigation of individual factors for understanding EMF-related symptoms. View Full-Text
Keywords: idiopathic environmental intolerance; environmental illness; chemical sensitivity; noise sensitivity; hyperacusis idiopathic environmental intolerance; environmental illness; chemical sensitivity; noise sensitivity; hyperacusis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Nordin, S.; Neely, G.; Olsson, D.; Sandström, M. Odor and Noise Intolerance in Persons with Self-Reported Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 8794-8805.

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