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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(8), 8276-8300; doi:10.3390/ijerph110808276

Exploring Bikeability in a Suburban Metropolitan Area Using the Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES)

1
The Research Unit for Movement, Health and Environment, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, GIH, SE-114 86 Stockholm, Sweden
2
Department of Health Sciences, Mid Sweden University, SE-831 25 Östersund, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 March 2014 / Revised: 11 July 2014 / Accepted: 14 July 2014 / Published: 15 August 2014
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Abstract

Background and Aim: Commuting by bicycle could contribute to public health, and route environments may influence this behaviour. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the potential associations between appraisals of the overall route environment as hindering or stimulating for bicycle commuting, with both perceptions of commuting route environmental factors in a suburban area and background factors. Methods: The Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES) was used for the assessment of bicycle commuters’ perceptions and appraisals of their route environments in the suburban parts of Greater Stockholm, Sweden. A simultaneous multiple regression analysis was used to assess the relationship between the outcome variable whether the overall route environment hinders or stimulates bicycle commuting and environmental factors (e.g., exhaust fumes, speeds of motor vehicles, greenery), as well as background factors (sex, age, education, income) as predictor variables. Results and Conclusions: The results indicate that in suburban areas, the factors aesthetics, greenery and bicycle paths seem to be, independently of each other, stimulating factors for bicycle commuting. On the other hand, flows of motor vehicles, noise, and low “directness” of the route seem to be hindering factors. A comparison of these results with those obtained from an inner urban area points to the importance of studying different types of built-up areas separately. View Full-Text
Keywords: active transport; bicycle commuting; bikeability; perception; route environment; suburban area active transport; bicycle commuting; bikeability; perception; route environment; suburban area
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wahlgren, L.; Schantz, P. Exploring Bikeability in a Suburban Metropolitan Area Using the Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 8276-8300.

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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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