Next Article in Journal
Effects of Simulated Heat Waves on Cardiovascular Functions in Senile Mice
Next Article in Special Issue
Mitochondrial Toxicity in Human Pregnancy: An Update on Clinical and Experimental Approaches in the Last 10 Years
Previous Article in Journal
Using Personal Sensors to Assess the Exposome and Acute Health Effects
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Air Pollution on the Risk of Congenital Anomalies: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(8), 7820-7840; doi:10.3390/ijerph110807820

Occupational Risks and Pregnancy and Infant Health Outcomes in Florida Farmworkers

1
Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
2
Center for Governmental Responsibility, Levin College of Law, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
3
Farmworker Association of Florida, Apopka, FL 32703, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 May 2014 / Revised: 24 July 2014 / Accepted: 25 July 2014 / Published: 6 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Maternal and Child Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [558 KB, uploaded 6 August 2014]

Abstract

The agricultural industry has some of the highest incidence rates and numbers of occupational injuries and illnesses in the United States. Injuries and illnesses in agriculture result from accidents, falls, excessive heat, repetitive motion and adverse pesticide exposure. Women working in agriculture are exposed to the same hazards and risks as their male counterparts, but can face additional adverse impacts on their reproductive health. Yet, few occupational risk assessment studies have considered the reproductive health of female farmworkers. The objective of this community-based participatory research study was to conduct a retrospective, cross-sectional survey to collect information on workplace conditions and behaviors and maternal, pregnancy and infant health outcomes among a sample of female nursery and fernery farmworkers in Central Florida. Survey results showed that nursery workers were more likely to report health symptoms during their pregnancy than fernery workers. We also observed a self-reported increased risk of respiratory illness in the first year of life for infants whose mothers worked in ferneries. Our findings confirm that agricultural work presents potential reproductive hazards for women of childbearing age. View Full-Text
Keywords: community-based participatory research; agricultural; occupational and environmental exposures; maternal and child health outcomes; female farmworkers community-based participatory research; agricultural; occupational and environmental exposures; maternal and child health outcomes; female farmworkers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Supplementary material

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Runkle, J.; Flocks, J.; Economos, J.; Tovar-Aguilar, J.A.; McCauley, L. Occupational Risks and Pregnancy and Infant Health Outcomes in Florida Farmworkers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 7820-7840.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top