Abstract: This study examined the relationship between hearing levels, otoacoustic emission levels and listening habits related to the use of personal listening devices (PLDs) in adults with varying health-related fitness. Duration of PLD use was estimated and volume level was directly measured. Biomarkers of health-related fitness were co-factored into the analyses. 115 subjects ages 18–84 participated in this study. Subjects were divided into two sub-groups; PLD users and non-PLD users. Both groups completed audiological and health-related fitness tests. Due to the mismatch in the mean age of the PLD user versus the non-PLD user groups, age-adjusted statistics were performed to determine factors that contributed to hearing levels. Age was the most significant predictor of hearing levels across listening and health-related fitness variables. PLD user status did not impact hearing measures, yet PLD users who listened less than 8 hours per week with intensities of less than 80 dBA were found to have better hearing. Other variables found to be associated with hearing levels included: years listening to PLD, number of noise environments and use of ear protection. Finally, a healthy waist-to-hip ratio was a significant predictor of better hearing, while body mass index approached, but did not reach statistical significance.
Keywords: hearing level; otoacoustic emission; cardiovascular health; waist-to-hip ratio; body mass index
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Marron, K.H.; Sproat, B.; Ross, D.; Wagner, S.; Alessio, H. Music Listening Behavior, Health, Hearing and Otoacoustic Emission Levels. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 7592-7607.
Marron KH, Sproat B, Ross D, Wagner S, Alessio H. Music Listening Behavior, Health, Hearing and Otoacoustic Emission Levels. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(8):7592-7607.
Marron, Kathleen H.; Sproat, Brittany; Ross, Danielle; Wagner, Sarah; Alessio, Helaine. 2014. "Music Listening Behavior, Health, Hearing and Otoacoustic Emission Levels." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 8: 7592-7607.