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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11(3), 2780-2792; doi:10.3390/ijerph110302780
Article

Oral and Hand Hygiene Behaviour and Risk Factors among In-School Adolescents in Four Southeast Asian Countries

1,2,3,*  and 1,2
Received: 28 November 2013; in revised form: 19 February 2014 / Accepted: 20 February 2014 / Published: 7 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue IJERPH: 10th Anniversary)
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Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate oral and hand hygiene behaviour and risk factors among 13 to 15 year-old in-school adolescents in four Southeast Asian countries. Data were collected by self-reported questionnaire from nationally representative samples (total 13,824) of school children aged 13 to 15 years in India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Thailand. Results indicate that overall, 22.4% of school children reported sub-optimal oral hygiene (<twice a day tooth brushing), 45.2% did not always wash their hands before meals, 26.5% after toileting and 59.8% washing their hands with soap (59.8%). In multivariate analysis, male gender, health risk behaviours and lack of protective factors were associated with sub-optimal tooth brushing, and lower socioeconomic status, health risk behaviours, psychological distress and lack of protective factors were found to be associated with sub-optimal hand washing hygiene behaviour. As a conclusion, the cross-national data on oral and hand hygiene behaviour from four Southeast Asian countries found sub-optimal hygiene behaviour. Several determinants of sub-optimal hygiene behaviour were identified that can inform programmes in order to improve oral and hand hygiene behaviour of this adolescent population.
Keywords: tooth brushing; hand washing; risk factors; adolescents; Southeast Asian countries tooth brushing; hand washing; risk factors; adolescents; Southeast Asian countries
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Peltzer, K.; Pengpid, S. Oral and Hand Hygiene Behaviour and Risk Factors among In-School Adolescents in Four Southeast Asian Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11, 2780-2792.

AMA Style

Peltzer K, Pengpid S. Oral and Hand Hygiene Behaviour and Risk Factors among In-School Adolescents in Four Southeast Asian Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2014; 11(3):2780-2792.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Peltzer, Karl; Pengpid, Supa. 2014. "Oral and Hand Hygiene Behaviour and Risk Factors among In-School Adolescents in Four Southeast Asian Countries." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 11, no. 3: 2780-2792.


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