Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10(9), 4306-4322; doi:10.3390/ijerph10094306

Differential Impact of Tobacco Control Policies on Youth Sub-Populations

1,* email, 2email and 1,2email
Received: 12 July 2013; in revised form: 29 August 2013 / Accepted: 6 September 2013 / Published: 12 September 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tobacco Control in Vulnerable Population Groups)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Background: While previous studies have demonstrated the efficacy of tobacco control interventions in reducing tobacco use among youth overall, there have been very few studies that examine the potential differential impact of tobacco control policies on various youth subgroups, defined by socio-economic status (SES), race/ethnicity, and gender. Objective: We examined the relationship between state-level cigarette prices and smoke-free air laws and youth smoking prevalence and intensity for various youth sub-populations in the United States. Methods: We estimated a 2-part model of cigarette demand using data from the 1991 through 2010 nationally representative surveys of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students as part of the Monitoring the Future project. Findings: We found that real cigarette prices are strong determinants of youth smoking. Blacks, females, Hispanics, and low-SES subpopulations are found to have a larger price response with respect to smoking prevalence than the full sample. Smoke-free air laws are found to have a negative effect on smoking prevalence for the full sample and for the male, white, and high-SES sub-populations. Conclusions: This research concludes that higher cigarette prices will reduce smoking prevalence rates of Blacks, Hispanics, females, and low-SES subpopulations faster than the overall youth population and other youth sub-populations. Moreover, this research concludes that smoke-free air laws will reduce smoking prevalence for the overall youth population with the largest reductions in high SES and male subpopulations.
Keywords: price; smoke-free air laws; youth; smoking; sub-populations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tauras, J.A.; Huang, J.; Chaloupka, F.J. Differential Impact of Tobacco Control Policies on Youth Sub-Populations. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2013, 10, 4306-4322.

AMA Style

Tauras JA, Huang J, Chaloupka FJ. Differential Impact of Tobacco Control Policies on Youth Sub-Populations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2013; 10(9):4306-4322.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tauras, John A.; Huang, Jidong; Chaloupka, Frank J. 2013. "Differential Impact of Tobacco Control Policies on Youth Sub-Populations." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 10, no. 9: 4306-4322.

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